My major lifelong belief is that we should live consciously and according to universal moral rules.
My views and convictions were significantly influenced by the following theories, concepts, and thinkers:
- “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.”
- “Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to an end, but always at the same time as an end.”
- “Therefore, every rational being must so act as if he were through his maxim always a legislating member in the universal kingdom of ends.”
(“Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals.”)
I believe that this is one of the most brilliant theories scientifically describing the nature of the world. I am convinced that these laws should not be considered merely as some rules applicable to physics, rather they should be viewed as more broad definitions that can be stretched and applied in political, social, religious and other contexts.
- The zeroth law of thermodynamics recognizes that if two systems are in thermal equilibrium with a third, they are also in thermal equilibrium with each other, thus supporting the notions of temperature and heat.
- The first law of thermodynamics distinguishes between two kinds of physical processes, namely energy transfer as work, and energy transfer as heat. It tells how this shows the existence of a mathematical quantity called the internal energy of a system. The internal energy obeys the principle of conservation of energy but work and heat are not defined as separately conserved quantities. Equivalently, the first law of thermodynamics states that perpetual motion machines of the first kind are impossible.
- The second law of thermodynamics distinguishes between reversible and irreversible physical processes. It tells how this shows the existence of a mathematical quantity called the entropy of a system, and thus it expresses the irreversibility of actual physical processes by the statement that the entropy of an isolated macroscopic system never decreases. Equivalently, perpetual motion machines of the second kind are impossible.
- The third law of thermodynamics concerns the entropy of a perfect crystal at absolute zero temperature, and implies that it is impossible to cool a system to exactly absolute zero, or, equivalently, that perpetual motion machines of the third kind are impossible. (From Wikipedia)
Finally, Entropy is a thermodynamic property that can be used to determine the energy not available for work in a thermodynamic process, such as in energy conversion devices, engines, or machines. Such devices can only be driven by convertible energy, and have a theoretical maximum efficiency when converting energy to work. During this work, entropy accumulates in the system, which then dissipates in the form of waste heat. (From Wikipedia)